Cinema: Curtas, documentários, etc.

Análise de cenas (EN)

Publicado a 24/11/2019, 12:23 por Luis PITTA   [ atualizado a 24/11/2019, 12:35 ]

How do you learn filmmaking by watching movies? 

Here is my 3-step process, broken down for you to follow step-by-step:

Links mentioned in this video:

This is the best video I’ve ever made:

Step One: Slow things down.

How is a filmmaker different from a member of the audience? He/she should be able to see things differently. To do this, the first step is to slow down.

Slow down the movie. Scene by scene. A scene happens in one location. Watch the whole movie first, and pick a scene that you really love.

Prepare yourself to watch the same scene multiple times.

Here’s the secret:

When you become a filmmaker, and you might make your movie someday, you’ll have to watch and rewatch your movie hundreds of times, maybe thousands. the ability to watch something repeatedly is a good indicator of your passion. If you can’t do this, maybe filmmaking is not for you.

Step two: Study each element.

Watch one important thing at a time. Movies have many elements, many parts that all come together. Focus your attention on one thing.

When you start out, focus in this order:

    1. Actors
    2. Camera Angles
    3. Camera Movement
    4. Editing
    5. Sound Design
    6. Music
    7. Colors

There are other things to worry about later, but for now, this is good enough.


Watch the scene and ask yourself the following questions:

    • How are the actors contributing to this scene?
    • Can you imagine the same roles played by other actors?
    • Watch their movements, their looks, their emotions. How are they helping or hurting this scene?
    • Now imagine you being the director. What would you do differently?

Camera Angles

Now play the scene again, this time stopping to locate every cut. This way you count the total number or shots in this scene.

The number of shots is significant, but not at this stage of your learning process. What is more important and fun is to observe how the shots are different.

E.g., the three simple types of camera angles are long shot, mid shot and close up. Restrict your observations to these, and see how many long shots there are, how many mid shots there are, and how many close ups there are.

Now ask yourself this fun question: Why on earth did the director decide on these shots? 

Let me help you with this process. E.g., if you see a long shot, you see the character in full length. Ask yourself why it was important to show the full body at this point in time? What else can you see, and why is it important that you see it?

Ask the same question for the mid shot, and the close ups. Why did the director decide to get closer? Did he or she want to eliminate what was unnecessary, or hide something, or just help us focus on the actor? Try to guess what the director’s goals were.

When you have a handle on the three important shots – the long shot, the medium/mid shot and the close up, then it’s time to watch the 15 Essential Camera Shots, Angles and Movements in Filmmaking.


Editing is the second side of the camera angle coin. Ask yourself:

    • Why are these shots in this particular order?
    • What if they were in another order?
    • Would it work for you?

You could download the scene (don’t ask me!) and bring it into an editing software. Then edit the clips and reorder them. You can have hours of fun with this exercise. This is one of those things that you have to do to really understand it.

Camera Movement

Watch the scene again. Observe all the shots, but now look for the moving camera. Is the camera moving? Or not? Both are acceptable. The real question to ask is: Why is the camera moving, or not? 

Then ask yourself how is it moving? Is it fast, or slow? Is it steady, or handheld, shaking a bit? Is it going high up on a crane, or low down to the ground, or behind the actor.

And the fun part: Why is it doing this?

Why did the director decide that the camera needed to move this way? Imagine the same scene where the camera didn’t move, or moved differently. Imagine being on location and you had to decide how to place the camera and move it.

If you have completed the camera angles and editing exercises, this should be easier.

Sound Design

Watch the scene again (are you getting tired already?). Now listen.

Maybe you can turn away from the screen and just listen to the audio. By now you will know all the shots and action by heart, so take away the visuals.

Listen for the footsteps, the rustle, the thunder, the car crash, the gun going off, anything and everything. Note it down.

Then ask yourself:

    • What if you changed the sound to something else?
    • What if the sounds were louder or quieter?
    • How does it impact your impression of the scene?


Listen to music in the same way.

What kind of music is it? What tempo? What genre? What mood? What instruments were used? Then ask: Why?

Why is it this kind of music, why is it this tempo, why is it this genre and what if you changed the instruments?

Maybe you can load up iTunes or Spotify or SoundCloud or some other music app and listen to the scene while playing other songs or music. Can you find a better song or music that goes with this scene? What makes it better?


And finally, look for colors.

    • What is the predominant color in this scene? Why?
    • How does the color help the mood, the composition, the production values and the overall feel of the scene?
    • Is it a very colorful set, or is it muted and sombre? Are the leaves green as in real life?
    • Are the skin colors natural, or warm or cold or green? Why is it like this?
    • What if you changed the colors?

You can change colors in your editing program and see for yourself how the scene would play out.

So imagine reediting the scene, adding your own music, changing the colors and then checking if the scene plays better. That’s filmmaking.

Step three: Watch it again!

Step back and watch the whole movie again, in real time.

Then your favorite scene comes. Observe how it fits into the overall story. You know all the choices the director made. Now ask yourself: Were all those choices right for the movie as a whole, or does it hurt it?

You should be able to do all this in a day, and by the end of it, you’ll be tired. Congratulations, you know how it feels like to be 5% of what a film director goes through over an entire production.

I hope you found this beneficial. Let me know what you think in the comments below.

Quentin Tarantino

Publicado a 08/09/2019, 02:04 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 08/09/2019, 02:08 ]

How Quentin Tarantino Keeps You Hooked — Directing Styles Explained

More on Tarantino's Directing Style

Cortes e transições no cinema (EN, Youtube)

Publicado a 04/06/2019, 10:31 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 04/06/2019, 13:19 ]

Cuts & Transitions 101 (11:40)

Os 5 cortes mais úteis (Premiere (EN, Youtube)

Publicado a 04/06/2019, 10:05 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 04/06/2019, 10:20 ]

Os 5 cortes mais úteis:

1. The Standard Cut
The foundation, the natural thing that happens when you place one clip next to the other. You can build entire video projects with just this.
2. Cut to B-Roll
This is a great way to show different things while the same narration and dialogue is still happening or call back to other clips to demonstrate what someone is taking about.
3. Jump Cut
This can be used to create stop motion like montages, show passages of time and even do magic illusions with the proper planning.
4. Cut to the beat
Editing the beat and flow of the music is important and cutting to the beat is a big part of that. This doesn’t always mean cutting on the drum hits, it could just mean making sure the sequencing matches the pace of the song and vice versa.
5. Cut Perspectives
Cutting in our out of different angles or locations in the same scene can be used to enter establishing shots, offer different perspective both in story and in shot, and show action.

Ver também:

9 Cuts Every Video Editor Should Know:

Storyboard That: A day in the life

Publicado a 04/06/2019, 05:49 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 04/06/2019, 05:59 ]

Storyboard criado a partir do site

A Day in the Life Storyboard Project

Outro exemplo:

9 cortes que todos devem conhecer [EN, Youtube]

Publicado a 25/05/2019, 13:29 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 04/06/2019, 10:30 ]

9 Cuts Every Video Editor Should Know | Filmmaking Tips [5:20]

Índice dos 9 cortes:

1. Corte Standard
2. O corte em salto (Jump Cut)
3. O corte em J
4. O corte em L (óptimo para diálogos)
5. Corte em Ação (Cutting on Action)
6. Corte através (Cross cutting ou Parallel Editing) Ajuda a criar suspense, criando 2 historias em paralelo
7. (Cutaway) Ajuda a situar-nos geográficamente
8. Montagem (Montage) Preparação para uma ação
9. (Match Cut) Talvez o mais impressionante e iconico corte. Alterar a cena mas manter a ação

B-Roll, o que é? Como se usa?

Publicado a 25/05/2019, 13:21 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 25/05/2019, 13:21 ]

B-Roll, o que é? Como se usa?

Documentarios: Como fazer um? (EN)

Publicado a 07/05/2019, 05:18 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 07/05/2019, 05:27 ]

How To Make A Documentary

Making documentaries is one of the most rewarding and challenging endeavors you can be involved in.

Whether you're at the beginning of your journey looking for documentary ideas, or you're in the middle of production seeking videography tipslighting tips or interviewing tips, or just trying to figure out how to write a script, making documentaries is a wonderful adventure.

Remember… filmmaking is an ART, not a science.

The only way to TRULY learn how to make documentaries is…..

…… to make documentaries.

Here are some basic guidelines to help you in your filmmaking journey.

Key Steps to Making Documentaries:

Tell a story you care about

Start with a subject that excites you. If you’re lukewarm about the subject matter, chances are, the final movie will be too. Make a documentary you're passionate about and makes sense to YOU. There will be plenty of people who don’t “get” your idea. But if YOU get it, that’s what counts. Need help finding a story idea?


Learn everything you can about your documentary subject. Sometimes the story lines are obvious, sometimes not. Do a lot of digging and follow leads. This is where you put on your reporter hat. Gather facts and search for leads on interesting characters and story lines. The gems of your story are sometimes buried deep out of sight.

Make a Plan

Create an outline. Think about HOW you’re going to tell your story. What’s the structure? The style? Is there existing footage or photos that help tell your story or will everything need to be shot brand new? Who is your primary character(s)? What are you core story points? What are the elements of your story that are compelling and/or make you “tingle” with intrigue? How can you create that intrigue for your audience? Is there some existing situation you can film or do you need to create the moment?

For Detailed Planning:

Create a Shot List

This is a list of the footage and interviews you’ll need to make your movie. Think of it as your list of “ingredients”. Depending on the complexity of your project, you may or may not need to create a budget.

A word about interviews. You may be tempted to put a lot of people on your interview wish list. Again, there are no rules because each documentary has its own set of circumstances (maybe there’s a reason to interview 100 people), but in general, it’s hard for an audience to get to know more than 7-8 “characters” within one movie. So even if you interview 100 people, don’t be surprised if you are only able to fit a fraction of them into your movie. Of course, there’s always the Bonus Features section on your DVD. ;)

Start Shooting

Are you making documentaries for the web, mobile devices, television, theater? Maybe a combination? Keep in mind HOW your movie will be viewed because that can dictate your shooting and storytelling style. (Hint: tiny details off in the distance will not be seen on an iPhone). Make sure when you're shooting an event to capture a variety of angles including close-ups, medium shots and wide shots. Click here for a list of low-budget documentary filmmaking gear.

Write a Script

Once all of the footage is shot and you’ve gathered the various production elements, time to start organizing it into a script. Pinpoint the most compelling elements of your story and start crafting "mini-scenes" around those events. Remember, a script isn't necessarily what's spoken or a voice-over. A script describes what the audience is seeing AND hearing.

Begin Editing

This is actually one of my favorite parts of the process. It’s like putting together a great big puzzle! First you'll need to choose your video editing computer and video editing software. Once you're all set with equipment, you'll start putting down your clips of footage one right after the other in a sequence. The art with editing is to create a "roller coaster" ride of emotion, some parts fast, some part slow to create a dynamic viewing experience.

Check Legal and Copyright Issues

Even though this is near the end of the list, it should actually be something you keep in mind from the very beginning and throughout the ENTIRE filmmaking process. I cannot express enough the importance of this section. Please read through these few simple legal guidelines before starting on your project.


Of course, now that you’ve done all the work making your documentary, you want people to see it, right? Never before have there been so many options for filmmakers to showcase their work. From theaters to television to DVD to the web, a new world of distribution is being invented right in front of our eyes. Making documentaries and showcasing your work is easier than ever. 

Retirado de:

janeiro 2019

Filming with Android Smartphones: The Complete Guide to Shooting Video like a PRO!

Publicado a 03/05/2019, 01:52 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 03/05/2019, 02:02 ]

Filming with Android Smartphones: The Complete Guide to Shooting Video like a PRO!

Tutorial 1: Mobile Filmmaking.....1 Min With Me

Vlogs: A day in the life

Publicado a 03/05/2019, 01:31 por Luis Pitta ‎[org]‎   [ atualizado a 03/05/2019, 01:37 ]

Vlogs: A day in the life

Exemplos de videos de Youtubers "famosos":

A "Monday" In The Life Of Syndicate (21min.)

A Day in the Life of a Harvard Student (12 min.)

A DAY WITH PEWDIEPIE! (Vlog) - (Fridays With PewDiePie - Part 46) (15 min.)

A "Wednesday" In the Life Of Syndicate "Surprise" Thanks For 375,000 Subscribers (32 min.)

Videos compilados pela Filipa.

Se conheceres outros vídeos deste tipo partilha no email de grupo: 

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