07: "O violoncelo de Ingres"

Man Ray (Filadelfia, USA 1890 - Paris, França 1976)
Nasceu Emmanuel Radnitzky, filho de imigrantes russos judeus.

Man Ray e Salvador Dali (Paris, 1934)

Man Ray apoio e contribuiu os movimentos Dada e Surrealismo, embora a sua ligação fosse informal.
Considerava-se pintor embora tenha dedicado muito tempo da sua vida à arte da fotografia.
Conhecido pelos seus fotogramas que as chamava de "Rayografias" (Rayographs).

Diz-se que "Antes de haver Photoshop havia Man Ray"!

Man Ray era um grande experimentador. Na realidade, o seu trabalho era tão inventivo que por vezes largava completamente a máquina fotográfica e produzia as suas "Rayogramas" totalmente elaboradas no interior da câmara escura:



O violino de Ingrês:


Le Violon d'Ingres (1924)

A fotografia original representa um nu clássico. As marcas em forma de S foram pintadas sobre a fotografia que depois foi re-fotografada por Man Ray.


The American avant-garde artist Man Ray used this expression as the title of a famous photograph portraying Alice Prin (aka Kiki de Montparnasse) in the pose of the Valpinçon Bather.

Her companion for most of the 1920s was Man Ray, who made hundreds of portraits of her. She can be considered his muse at this time, she is the subject of some of his best-known images, including the notable surrealist image Le violon d'Ingres and Noire et blanche.

Ingres's well-known passion for playing the violin gave rise to a common expression in the French language, "violon d'Ingres", meaning a second skill beyond the one by which a person is mainly known.

Man Ray was an admirer of the paintings of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (pintor e desenhista francês do século 19) and made a series of photographs, inspired by Ingres's languorous nudes, of the model Kiki in a turban. 

Painting the f-holes of a stringed instrument onto the photographic print and then rephotographing the print, Man Ray altered what was originally a classical nude. 

He also added the title Le Violon d'Ingres, a French idiom that means "hobby." The transformation of Kiki's body into a musical instrument with the crude addition of a few brushstrokes makes this a humorous image, but her armless form is also disturbing to contemplate. The title seems to suggest that, while playing the violin was Ingres's hobby, toying with Kiki was a pastime of Man Ray. The picture maintains a tension between objectification and appreciation of the female form.